Graffiti, kosz és bűnözés: ilyen volt a New York-i metró néhány évtizede

Manapság minden New York-i tudja, hogy a városban a leggyorsabb közlekedési mód a metró. De volt idő, amikor aki tehette, inkább a felszín felett közlekedett, mert odalent kosz meg graffitivel összefirkált kocsik várták, és a legpechesebbek bűncselekmények áldozatai is lehettek. A metró kis túlzással a bűnözés fellegvára volt New Yorkban. Egy svájci fotós, Willy Spiller viszont remek témát látott az amerikai nagyváros föld alatti közlekedésében, és elkezdte fényképezőgépével dokumentálni utazásait 1977-1984 közt.

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Azt nem tudjuk, hányszor próbálták tőle elvenni a fényképezőgépét, és ez hányszor sikerült valakinek, mindenesetre ezek a képek bekerültek a fotós 1984-ben megjelent Hell on Wheels (Kerekeken a pokol) című könyvébe, amit tavaly újra kiadtak. Legjobb fotóiból mutatunk most egy kis ízelítőt a DailyMail friss összeállítása nyomán.

Swiss photographer Willy Spiller was living in New York when began documenting his underground travels from 1977 to 1984

'These images hardly tell a story of crime and danger,' Dr. Tobia Bezzola wrote in the book's forward. 'Willy Spiller doesn’t discover darkness in the underground but rather an idiosyncratic, vivid realm of its own'

Arcok a metrón:

Spiller's series sheds a different light on the New York's underground, which was still bustling despite its dangers

During this time period, passengers were struggling with fears of crime, long wait times, malfunctioning trains, noise, and other deplorable conditions 

Between June 30th 1976 and June 30th 1977, subway ridership dropped by 25 million passengers. This was the start of an eight-year declined that saw 327 million passengers leave the metro system, according to nycsubway.org

In the late '70s, Brooklyn man named Curtis Sliwa (not pictured) headed a group called the 'Magnificent 13', which began unarmed patrols on the subway between 8pm and 4am to discourage crime. The Magnificent 13 eventually changed its name to the Guardian Angels before expanding the operation to include of five of New York City's boroughs

In 1979, Mayor Ed Koch was looking for law enforcement officials to come up with a plant to combat the outbreak of violence and crime on the subways 

By September 1979, there were over 250 felonies per week being recorded on the subway, making the crime rate much higher than any other mass transits system in the world

In September 1979, Transit Police Chief Sanford Garelik was fired after cop publicly requested his resignation. He was replaced by Deputy Chief of Personnel James B. Meehan

During this time, the subways were covered with graffiti both in and outside the train's cars, and Spiller captured this image of a teenage boy hanging off the side of the subway car as its doors were closing 

Akkoriban még újságot olvastak az emberek munkába menet.

During New York City's most crime-riddled years, the Lexington Avenue Express (not pictured) was dubbed 'mugger's express'

Sokan féltek a metróban elkövetett bűncselekmények miatt, mások viszont megszokták a metrót, és nem tartottak a bűnözőktől.

Spiller photographed numerous people getting on and off the subway without fear, including these two women walking together 

Although the subway was not as nearly as safe as it is today, people still fell asleep and read during their commutes

A New York-i metró akkoriban jóval koszosabb volt, és a legtöbb felületet telefirkálták graffitivel.

Spiller captured the images as part of his daily routine, which often involved him taking the subway from downtown to Lincoln Center

Spiller photographed these train passengers through a window on the subway cart, and they didn't appear to notice his peering camera lens 

Graffiti wasn't limited to just subway cars. Entrances to New York's underground featured spray painted names, initials and ominous messages

As part of the subway clean-up, train cars were constantly being repainted to cover up the rampant graffiti

Spiller érdekes karaktereket is megörökített.

Danger? The images capture the variety of characters who traveled on the subway - which looks far more dirty and graffiti-covered than it does today

Relaxing: Despite the crime spree that took place on the underground trains, they were still used by young women such as this duo who can be seen relaxing with their feet up on the seats 

Happy as can be: One of Willy's images shows an older couple smiling with joy as the sit next to other passengers

One of the images captures young people, who appear to be homeless, sleeping in the stations - something which still occurs frequently today 

New Yorkban hosszú idő és kitartó rendőri munka után sikerült nagyban lecsökkenteni a “föld alatti” bűnözést, illetve 1989-re megtisztították az utolsó metrókocsit is a graffitiktől.

Art? Many of the trains were covered from top to bottom in bold graffiti designs

Forrás: DailyMail.co.uk

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